Terrasvogels takes the field...|
PARMA (Italy) - Today, the team of Iber Lengua Terrasvogels held a practice session at one of the playing sites (Field B) on the Centro Sportivo Quadrifoglio 'Aldo Notari'.
The complex, which has two baseball and two softball-fields (one of each with lights), is named after Aldo Notari (pictured right), who was a second baseman and outfielder (1950-1964) of Parma Baseball & Softball Club, where he later became the President of the club (1969-1985).
Hereafter, Aldo Notari was the President (1984-2000) of the Italian Baseball and Softball Federation (FIBS), the European Baseball Federation (CEB) (1987-2005) and International Baseball Federation (IBAF) (1993-2006).
In 2002, he was awarded the Olympic Order for his role in adding baseball to the Olympic Games.
Aldo Notari, who was the first European to lead the IBAF and has done a lot for Italian baseball and softball, passed away unexpectedly at the age of 73 on July 25, 2006 in Parma after being submitted to the hospital earlier in the month.
Notari also was born in Parma in 1932.
After the team practiced for some two hours in the morning, everyone was off for the afternoon.
Some of us went to Parma, visited the historic center, but there everything was closed, as this was a holiday-weekend.
In the evening, the technical meeting of the tournament was held, which lasted only one hour and 30 minutes and was run by Mike Jennings, the Chairman of the Technical Committee.
OK, some history.
Parma is a city in the region Emilia Romagna with some 170.000 inhabitants and is famous for its architecture and of course it's parma ham and parmezan cheese.
It's the home of the University of Parma, which is one of the oldest in the world as it was founded in the 11th century.
Famous composer Giuseppe Verdi and conductor Arturo Toscanini were born near Parma.
In 183 BC, Parma was founded as a Roman colony where 2000 families were settled.
After the city was destroyed in 44 BC it was rebuilt by Emperor Augustus.
The city has been part of the Roman Empire and later the Byzantine Exarchate of Ravenna and then the Lombard Kingdom of Italy.
During the Middle Ages, Parma was an important city on the main road connecting Rome to Northern Europe and several castles and inns were built to host the increasing number of pilgrims.
Next, Parma came under Frankish rule in the eighth century and fell under the control of Milan in 1341.
Between the 14th and 15th centuries, Parma was the centre of the Italian Wars and was under French control from 1500-1521.
Then, until 1545, Parma was one of the Papal States and in that year became a duchy when Pope Paul III gave Parma and Piacenza to his illegitimate son Pier Luigi Farnese, whose descendants ruled the area until 1731.
In 1538, then 13-year old Ottavio Farnese (the son of Pier Luigi and later the Duke of Parma and Piacenza) married then 16-year old Margaret of Austria, who (as Margaret of Parma) was the governor of the Netherlands from 1559-1567 when it was under the control of Spanish King Philip II.
In 1731, the Duchy of Parma and Piacenza was given to the House of Bourbon.
It was under French influence again during the Napoleonic Wars (1802-1814) and was returned to the Bourbons again in 1847.
In 1860, the now former Duchy became part of the unified Kingdom of Italy.
During World War II, Parma was a strong centre of partisan resistance.
An overview of Field B during the practice session of Terrasvogels
Head Coach Leigh Podlesny keeps an eye on the action
A view from leftfield
An from the first base side
In the meantime, Moskovia (Russia) was practicing on Field A
...where one of the Russian players showed the newest collection for practice clothing
Facility and Business Manager Martin de Jonker checks out the action
Head Coach Leigh Podlesny gives instructions during practice
Assistant Coach Michael Laarman hits grounders with Olga Kleinlooh doing the catching
Action during the practice for Aimee Murch, Christina Rolla, Annemiek van Riessen and Shannah van der Kaaij
Cambria Miranda and Femke Haage are ready to field another grounder
Outfielders Solange Starrenburg and Linda Hoenderdos
Outfielders Lyanne Horeman and Nathalie Gosewehr
A view of the baseball stadium, where the big league Parma Angels will play next season
They played their last competition this season in the older Stadio Europeo in the north of Parma
And another shot of the softball-field
More instructions from Head Coach Leigh Podlesny
The Ducal Palace in the Giardino Ducale (Ducal Park)
The building was created in the 16th century and was the residence of the Dukes
Nowadays, it houses the offices of the Carabinieri (Italian police)
The River Parma, which is almost dry
Nel de Jonker admires the river
The Palazzo della Pilotta, which was built around 1583 during the reign of Duke Ottavio Farnese
Martin and Nel de Jonker and Michael Laarman do some sightseeing in the city of Parma
A view of one of the little streets with a look towards the Cathedral
The Battistero di Parma (Baptistry of Parma), which was built in 1196
The Duomo di Parma (Cathedral of Parma), which was built between 1059 and 1116
The inside of the Cathedral is decorated by frescos by Renaissance painter Antonio da Correggio
The Church of San Francesco del Prato, which was the city jail during the Napoleonic era
(1802-1814) and remained that until the earlier 1990s
The Monumento al Partigiano (Monument to the Partisans)